Meat Quota for French Jews and Muslims
( , , عربي)
A few months before the french presidential and legislative elections of 2012, the French Government has published two regulations (Decree and Order of 28/12/11, which were published in the Official Journal of 29/12/11) on the supervision of the production of meat slaughtered according to Muslim and Jewish religious requirements. These will become effective starting on 1 July 2012.
The need to protect all types of animal in commerce through such steps as loading and unloading, transport, lairage, and slaughter is not specific to religious slaughter. ASIDCOM strongly supports good animal welfare practices throughout the commercial handling of food animals. However, the use of inaccurate and misleading science to gain an unfair political advantage does not serve France well. The introduction of quotas is an act that is contrary to civil harmony and also a violation of the rights of buyers and sellers in the marketplace. This is simply a new step towards the ultimate objective of the prohibition of religious slaughter in France and an attempt to make life more difficult for its Muslim and Jewish citizens so that they will be encouraged to leave the country.
ASIDCOM condemns this new electoral demagoguery and calls for the withdrawal of this decree and order. Attacking the fundamental freedoms of French citizens must be of concern to all Frenchmen. "The vile beast is still fertile !" B. B. (B. Brecht).
Comment : These following translations of the french regulations into english are given for information, the Official texts are only in french.
Decree No. 2011-2006 of 28 December 2011 laying down the conditions for authorizing slaughter facilities to become exempt from the requirement to stun animals
NOR : AGRG1127027D
The Prime Minister,
On the report of the Minister of Agriculture, Food, Fisheries, Rural Affairs and Regional Planning,
With regard to Regulation (EC) No 1099/2009 of 24 September 2009 on the protection of animals at the time of slaughter ;
With regard to Directive 93/119/EC of 22 December 1993 on the protection of animals at the time of slaughter ; Given the rural code and marine fisheries, including Title I of Book II ; The Council of State (public works section), Decrees :
Article R. 214-70 of the Code for rural and marine fisheries is supplemented by the following :
III. A slaughterhouse can implement the derogation provided for in part 1 of Title I if there is prior authorization.
Permission is granted to slaughterhouses that can show the presence of appropriate equipment and trained personnel, procedures to ensure the timing and level of hygiene adapted to this slaughter technology and a system that records and can be verified that the use of the exemption corresponds to the commercial orders that need it.
The authorization request is sent to the Prefect of the department for the location of the slaughterhouse, which has a period of three months from receipt of the complete record to make a decision on the application. Permission is granted by order of the prefect. This order may limit the scope of the authorization to certain categories of animals.
The contents of the permit application are specified by the order of the Minister of Agriculture.
Modification of the materials considered in granting the original consent, as well as the cessation of activity should be reported to the Prefect. Given the changes observed, will determine the need to renew or modify the conditions of the permit.
The authorization may be suspended or withdrawn at the request of the institution, or by the Prefect in the event of breach of permit conditions or provisions of this Title. "
In part I of Article R. 215-8 of the Code for rural and marine fisheries, the words "For any person to perform or have performed a ritual slaughter outside a slaughterhouse" is replaced by the words "The practice of slaughter under part 1 of title I of Article R. 214-70 without holding the authorization referred to in Article III R. 214-70 or not to comply with the conditions of issuance of this authorization ".
This Order comes into force on 1 July 2012. Slaughterhouses approved in accordance with the decree of June 8, 2006 on the approval of sanitary facilities by marketing the products of animal origin or foodstuffs containing products of animal origin may file a request for authorization in accordance with provisions of this decree within three months following its publication.
The Keeper of the Seals, Minister of Justice and Freedoms, and the Minister of Agriculture, Food, Fisheries, Rural Affairs and Planning are responsible, each in his case, for the implementation of this Decree, to be published in the Official Journal of the French Republic.
This December 28, 2011.
By the Prime Minister : François Fillon The Minister of Agriculture, Food, Fisheries, Rural Affairs and Regional Planning, Bruno Le Maire The Minister of Justice, Minister of Justice and Freedoms Michel Mercier
Order of 28 December 2011 concerning the conditions of approval of slaughterhouses to waive the requirement to stun animals
NOR : AGRG1133530A
The Minister of Agriculture, Food, Fisheries, Rural Affairs and Regional Planning,
With regard to Regulation (EC) No 178/2002 of the European Parliament and the Council of 28 January 2002 on the general principles and requirements of food law, establishing the European Food Safety Authority and laying down procedures relating to the food safety ;
With regard to Regulation (EC) No 853/2004 of the European Parliament and the Council of 29 April 2004 laying down specific hygiene rules for food of animal origin ;
With regard to Regulation (EC) No 854/2004 of the European Parliament and the Council of 29 April 2004 laying down specific rules for official controls on products of animal origin intended for human consumption ;
With regard to Regulation (EC) No 1099/2009 of 24 September 2009 on the protection of animals at the time of killing ;
With regard to Directive 93/119/EC of 22 December 1993 on the protection of animals at slaughter or killing ;
Given the rural code and marine fisheries, including Title I of Book II ; Considering Decree No. 2011-2006 of 28 December 2011 establishing the conditions for the authorization of slaughterhouses to waive the requirement to stun animals ;
Given the order of 12 December 1997 on immobilization methods, stunning and killing of animals and animal welfare requirements in slaughterhouses ; Considering the decree of June 8, 2006 on the approval of sanitary facilities for marketing the products of animal origin or foodstuffs containing products of animal origin ;
Considering the decree of 18 December 2009 on health rules concerning animal products and foods containing it ; After consulting the Advisory Committee on Health and Animal Welfare on November 3, 2011,
A The application for authorization under Article III of R. 214-70 of the Code for rural and marine fisheries, approved slaughterhouses wishing to do slaughter without stunning for the case provided for in part 1 of title I of this article, consists of the following :
The description of the activity, including species slaughtered, estimated volume of these animals slaughtered without stunning ;
The description of the facilities and equipment used for feeding, restraint and avoidance of animals ;
The proof of authorization of the religious authorities in accordance with Article R. 214-75 of the Code for rural and marine fishing ;
the proof of the formation of slaughterman, under Article 10 of the Ministerial Decree of 12 December 1997 or, from 1 January 2013, Article 7 of Regulation (EC) No 1099/2009 of Council of 24 September 2009 on the protection of animals at the time of slaughter ;
Standard operating procedures relating to the implementation of the killing, with, in particular, information relating to the adaptation of the rate of slaughter to the duration of bleeding, and control procedures for assurance of loss of consciousness ;
the registration system in place to verify that the use of the exemption is based on commercial orders that require it.
Slaughterhouses are not required to renew the deposit of documents previously filed under the decree of June 8, 2006 on the approval of sanitary facilities by marketing the products of animal origin or foodstuffs containing products of animal origin or under Annex V of the Decree of 18 December 2009 on health rules concerning animal products and foods containing them, since these documents correspond to those mentioned in point 1 of this article.
Records to verify that the use of the exemption is based on commercial orders that require it are kept for a minimum period of one year.
The decree of 18 December 2009 on health rules concerning animal products and foods containing them is amended as follows :
1 - At the a 1 of Section I of Annex V, after the words "Approval application" are inserted the words "Authorization and Waiver of stunning animals" ;
2 - Appendix 1 to Annex V, after the words "The dossier submitted by the operator is placed at least three months before the religious holiday must have" to be inserted a new paragraph as follows :
"The request for authorization to waive the requirement to stun animals."
The decree of 12 December 1997 on immobilization methods, stunning and killing of animals and animal welfare requirements in slaughterhouses is amended as follows :
part 1 The second sentence of Article 2 is deleted ;
part 2 It is inserted into Article 2a as follows :
"In the case of slaughter without stunning, restraint of bovine animals, sheep and goats is ensured by a mechanical process applied prior to slaughter and is maintained until loss of consciousness of the animal in accordance with Annex II A of this Order " ;
After 3 of Annex II is inserted a Schedule II which is entitled "Additional provisions applicable to the slaughter without stunning" reads :
"1. The equipment is suitable for the immobilization of the animal, and only one animal is in the equipment at a time. In the case of cattle, a chin strap adapted to the size of the animal is mandatory. For sheep and goats, the neck can be extended manually if the head is maintained until the loss of consciousness.
"2. The knife used for bleeding is adapted to the size of the animal and constantly honed and sharpened. At least one knife replacement is available immediately.
"3. Animals shall not be placed into the slaughter unit if the staff is not ready to operate it.
"4. Those responsible for slaughtering must carry out systematic checks to ensure that the animals show no signs of consciousness or sensibility before removal from the equipment."
This order shall be published in the Official Journal of the French Republic.
This December 28, 2011.
Bruno Le Maire